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Modern Art painting

The Second Grade Child
Highlighted Art Concept: Composition


The second grader is ready to take on the world. They love nature and are fascinated by the details in their surroundings and understand the differences between two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional forms. The child is becoming more aware that things around them are designed by artists and are curious about different art forms, materials, and their characteristics such as color and texture.


Elements of Art

These are the tools artists use to create an artwork according to the principles of design.


  • Understand line characteristics
  • Draw approx. geometric shapes
  • Understanding the edge is a line
  • Intro to drawing from observation
  • Use line to create pattern and texture


  • Identify and use signs and symbol
  • Create shapes geometric vs. organic
  • Curved and angular
  • Understand shapes in nature vs. man-made shapes
  • Create symmetrical shapes
  • Create open and closed space


  • Mix primaries (magenta, cyan, yellow and red, yellow, blue) to get secondary colors
  • Introduce warm and cool colors


  • Light and dark
  • Tints/Shade


  • Recognize and explain difference between 2D and 3D
  • Model simple forms
  • Create additive sculpture


  • Consider placement of objects in relation to picture plane
  • Use simple scale and proportion


  • Understand visual interpretation of surface qualities
  • Use natural and man-made tools for texture

Principles of Design

These are the methods or techniques that artists use to develop, organize, and design artwork by controlling and maintaining some level of order of the elements of art.


  • Patterns that have variety


  • Sequencing colors, lines and shapes, to show movement

Pattern and Repetition

  • Replicate
  • Create linear patterns
  • More complex patterns
  • Natural vs. manmade
  • Symmetry


  • Opposing elements in a composition
  • Warm and Cool
  • Different/ Same


  • Grouping Objects
  • Use Elements to create Focus

Proportion and Balance

  • Size relationships
  • Foreground
  • Background
  • Heavy/ Light
  • Symmetry/ formal balance


  • Elements work together


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